This article is a simplified version of various scenarios of no-call in cricket. A typical question might be how many types of NO Ball are there in Cricket?. Let’s try to answer this in this article. The content covers all clauses related to Cricket NO BALL as per MCC Laws of Cricket. The rules here are arranged and described for easy understanding.
In Overall, there 24 scenarios in which an umpire can call NO ball in Cricket. CRICKET NO BALL LIST goes as below
1. Bowler changing arm without informing Umpire
2. Bowler changing side without informing Umpire
3. Bowler breaking wicket in delivering ball
4. Bowler throws ball before entering a delivery stride
5. Bowler throws ball after entering a delivery stride
6. Underarm bowling
7. Front Foot No ball
8. Back Foot No ball
9. Ball bouncing over head
10. Beamer by Fast Bowler
11. Beamer by slow Bowler
12. Ball bouncing more than once.
13. Ball pitching wholly or partially off the pitch
14. Ball coming to rest in front of strikers wicket
15. Bowling dangerous and unfair short pitched deliveries
16. Wicket keeper moving any part of body in front of stumps
17. Wicket keeper decided to field at boundary line while keeping gloves on
18 Fielder encroaching on pitch.
19. Fielder intercepting a delivery
20. On side field restriction
21. Illegal Fielding
22. Power play field restrictions
23. One day boundary line field restrictions
24. T20 day boundary line field restrictions
Cricket NO BALL No. 1
Bowler changing arm without informing Umpire
MCC Law 21.1
MCC Law 21.1.1 states The umpire shall ascertain whether the bowler intends to bowl right-handed or left-handed, over or around the wicket, and shall so inform the striker.
If the bowler after initial notification changes the arm with which he/she bowls without notifying the umpire, the Umpire shall call and signal No ball.
Cricket NO BALL No. 2
Front Foot No ball
MCC Law 21.5
The MCC Law 21.5.2 states that the bowler’s front foot must land with some part of the foot whether grounded or raised and on the same side of the imaginary line joining the two middle stumps as the return crease described in 21.5.2 and behind the popping crease.
In the image, various scenarios are illustrated. Note that the thickness of the painted line does not affect the crease itself.
The crease will always be back edge of the line.
Law makes clear that It is not mandatory to have front foot landed on or between Popping and return crease. It means that Batsman can choose to bowl with front foot landed outside of return crease but his/her back foot must remain inside the return crease.
Cricket NO BALL No. 3
Back Foot No ball
MCC Law 21.5
MCC Law 21 explicitly states that delivery will be considered legitimate in respect of the feet, in delivery stride, if the bowler’s back foot lands “within and not touching the return crease appertaining to his stated mode of delivery.”
Law 24 does not associate the front-foot with the return crease which means a delivery where the back-foot lands inside the return crease and the front foot on it completely legal. This could be very well exploited by left-arm bowlers but it would be highly difficult to get the angle from at this position.
If a Bowler during his delivery stride, breaks the wicket at any time after the ball comes into play and before completion of the stride after the delivery stride and if non-striker is not dismissed under Law 41.16 (Non-striker leaving his/her ground early), either umpire shall call and signal No ball if the bowler. This shall include any clothing or other object that falls from his/her person and breaks the wicket.
Cricket NO BALL No. 5
Ball bouncing over the head height of the striker
MCC Law 21.10
The umpire shall call and signal No ball for any delivery which, after pitching, passes or would have passed over the head height of the striker standing upright at the popping crease.
Cricket NO BALL No. 6
Beamer by Fast bowler
MCC Law 41.6
If fast bowlers deliver a ball that does not touch the ground in its flight between the wickets and reaches the batsman at a height above either his waist.
41.7.1 Any delivery, which passes or would have passed, without pitching, above waist height of the striker standing upright at the popping crease, is unfair. Whenever such a delivery is bowled, the umpire shall call and signal No ball.
Cricket NO BALL No. 7
Beamer by Slow bowler
If a Slow bowler delivers a ball that does not touch the ground in its flight between the wickets and reaches the batsman at a height above the shoulders, Umpire shall call and signal No ball.Umpire will also warn bowler and Captain.
Cricket NO BALL No. 8
Ball Bounce more than once.
MCC Law 21.7
If the ball bounces more than once, or rolls along the ground, before reaching the popping crease at the striker’s end, the umpire shall call and signal No ball.
Cricket NO BALL No. 9
Ball pitching wholly or partially off the pitch
MCC Law 21.7
The umpire shall call and signal No ball if the ball which is considered to be delivered pitches wholly or partially off the pitch as defined in Law 6.1 (Area of pitch) before it reaches the line of the striker’s wicket.
When a non-turf pitch is being used, this will apply to any ball that wholly or partially pitches off the artificial surface.
Cricket NO BALL No. 10
21.8 Ball coming to rest in front of striker’s wicket
MCC Law 21.8
If a ball delivered by the bowler comes to rest in front of the line of the striker’s wicket, without having previously touched the bat or person of the striker, the umpire shall call and signal No ball and immediately call and signal Dead ball.
Cricket NO BALL No. 11
Bowler throws ball before entering a delivery stride
MCC Law 21.3
If the bowler throwsthe ball towards the striker’s wicketbefore entering the “delivery stride”, either Umpire (main or leg umpire) shall call and signal No ball. Reference is also available in Law 41.17 (Batsman stealing a run).
In this case, procedure stated in 21.3 of first and final warning, informing, action against the bowler and reporting shall not apply.
Cricket NO BALL No. 12
Throwing a ball after entering into Delivery stride
MCC Law 21.3
Law 21.3 states, If the bowler after entering into delivery stride, throws, rather than bowls, the ball (bowler’s arm is bent more than 15 degrees), unless permitted by agreement in 21.1.2, delivered underarm, that umpire shall call and signal No ball and, when the ball is dead, inform the other umpire of the reason for the call.
Cricket NO BALL No. 13
Bowler changes side of the wicket
MCC Law 21.1
Law 21.3 states that If the bowler changes the side of the wicket from which he bowls without notifying the umpire, Umpire shall call and signal No Ball.
Cricket NO BALL No. 14
Law 21.1.2 states that Underarm bowling shall not be permitted except by special agreement before the match. If such a case happens, Umpire shall call and signal No ball and when the ball is dead, inform the other umpire of the reason for the call.
[ It could be applicable for visually impaired Cricket. ]
Cricket NO BALL No. 15
Bowling dangerous and unfair short-pitched deliveries
41.6.1 states that The bowling of short-pitched deliveries is dangerous if the bowler’s end umpire considers that, taking into consideration the skill of the striker, by their speed, length, height and direction they are likely to inflict physical injury on him/her. Protective equipment wore by a striker shall be disregarded.
41.6.2 states that he bowler’s end umpire may consider that the bowling of short-pitched deliveries, although not dangerous under 41.6.1, is unfair if they repeatedly pass above head height of the striker standing upright at the crease.
In the above cases, Umpire shall call and signal No ball. He shall inform other Umpire and captain of fielding and the batsman of what has occurred. there is a process to be followed by Umpire after this call which shall be covered in Umpiring section.
Fielding violations by Wicketkeeper | MCC Law 27.3
The wicket-keeper is the only fielder permitted to wear gloves and external leg guards. If these are worn, they are to be regarded as part of his/her person for the purposes of Law 28.2 (Fielding the ball).
If by the wicket-keeper’s actions and positioning when the ball comes into play it is apparent to the umpires that he/she will not be able to carry out the normal duties of a wicket-keeper, he/she shall forfeit this right and also the right to be recognized as a wicket-keeper for the purposes of
Laws 33.2 (A fair catch), 39 (Stumped), 28.1 (Protective equipment), 28.4 (Limitation of on-side fielders) and 28.5 (Fielders not to encroach on the pitch).
Cricket NO BALL No. 16
Wicket keeper position
If the wicket-keeper moves any part of his body in front of the line of the stumps before either a) the ball strikes the batsman’s person or bat, or b) the ball passes the line of the stumps, either Umpire shall call and signal No ball.
Cricket NO BALL No. 17
Using gloves other than keeping position.
If the wicket-keeper decides to field at boundary line while keeping gloves on. By doing this, he or she forfeits position as a wicketkeeper.
Fielding violations by close fielder
No fielder other than the wicket-keeper shall be permitted to wear gloves or external leg guards. In addition, protection for the hand or fingers may be worn only with the consent of the umpires.
Cricket NO BALL No. 18
Fielding encroaching on the pitch
MCC Law 28.5
If a fielder (not including bowler) has any part of their body grounded or in the air over the pitch, Umpire shall call and signal No ball.
Cricket NO BALL No. 19
Fielder intercepting a delivery
MCC Law 21.9
Law states If except in the circumstances of Law 27.3 (Position of wicket-keeper), a ball delivered by the bowler makes contact with any part of a fielder’s person before it either makes contact with the striker’s bat or person, or it passes the striker’s wicket, the umpire shall call and signal No ball and immediately call and signal Dead ball.
Cricket NO BALL No. 20
On side field restrictions
MCC Law 28.4
If there are more than two fielders that are on the leg side and behind the batsman’s crease, umpire shall call and signal No ball.
Cricket NO BALL No. 21
It shall be considered illegal fielding if the fielder intentionally fields or throws somethings towards a ball in play with a piece of clothing, equipment or any other object which has not accidentally fallen from the fielder’s person.
In such a situation,
– the penalty for a No ball or a Wide shall stand.
– any runs completed by the batsmen shall be credited to the batting side, together with the run in progress if the batsmen had already crossed at the instant of the offence.
– the ball shall not count as one of the over.
and Umpire shall award 5 Penalty runs to the batting side.
Cricket NO BALL No. 22
Power play Field restrictions
In the Power play, If more than 2 players are outside of the 30-yard circle, the umpire shall call and signal No ball.
Cricket NO BALL No. 23
In a one-day game, except power plays, No more than 4 players are allowed outside of the 30-yard circle. If Umpire judges more than 4 players are outside 30-yard circle when the ball is delivered, Umpire shall call and signal No ball.
Cricket NO BALL No. 24
T20 Play restrictions
In a T20 game, except power plays, No more than 5 players are allowed outside of the 30-yard circle. If Umpire judges more than 5 players are outside 30-yard circle when the ball is delivered, Umpire shall call and signal No ball.